Research on Education Strategies to
Advance Recovery and Turnaround

North Carolina School Extension Programs

This toolkit provides school leaders with relevant information and data around ESSER expenditures and student outcomes.
This brief examines the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on educator attrition and mobility in North Carolina and highlights a sharp increase in movement between Fall 2020 and Fall 2022.
In this brief, an analysis is conducted on the patterns of allocation, spending, and intended investments of money provided to school districts in North Carolina by the Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief (ESSER) funds.
This brief provides updated statewide data on the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on North Carolina student outcomes in the 2021-2022 school year.
This report details the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on test scores, absences, course grades, and grade retention as well as how pandemic effects are distributed across students. 
This journal article from the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) investigates the role of remote and hybrid instruction in widening gaps in achievement by race and school poverty.
This journal article from the American Educational Research Association examines how student reading and math achievement at the beginning of the school year has changed across the course of the COVID-19 pandemic thus far.
This brief from the Center for School and Student Progress discusses how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected student reading and math outcomes based on NWEA’s ongoing research.
This report from the Education Policy Initiative at Carolina (EPIC) examines the impacts of school extension programs in the summer or during the school year on student re-engagement and academic performance following COVID-19.
This report from the North Carolina Department of Public Instruction focuses on an Impact Analysis that assesses student performance and lost instructional time by comparing students’ pre-pandemic expected performance with their post-pandemic actual performance in the 2020-21 school year.